Improving Serbia's capacities to tackle climate change and environmental protection
Total budget of programme / project
EU Contribution: 55,150,000 EUR
National Co-financing: 14,100,000 EUR
-0001. Nov - -0001. Nov
Result 1: Improved management and monitoring system for effectively implementing and enforcing transposed environmental and climate change acquis and related international commitments.
Result 2: Upgraded environmental infrastructure through investments into waste management and improvement in air quality
Ministry of Energy, Development and Environmental Protection
Institutions, agencies and public enterprises operating the the sector
Summary of the project
The sector focus has recently been mainly on alignment with the EU acquis. However, according to the EC Analytical Report for 2011, Serbia faces big challenges in implementing and enforcing the EU environmental and climate change acquis. It will be particularly important to create conditions for building technical and administrative capacities and resources necessary, including for raising awareness at all levels in the country.
Protection of natural habitats must be strategically planned since it is potential revenue source for tourism, hunting and fishing. Ecologically important areas shall become part of the European ecological network NATURA 2000 on the day Serbia accedes to the European Union. Efficient wildlife trade control is essential in preserving biodiversity on the local and global levels.
There is a lack of overall environmental infrastructure in Serbia - waste and wastewater treatment and disposal, air pollution. Serbia’s population of around 7.3 million generates 2.4 million tonnes of municipal waste per year. Only some 70% is collected in an organised way and disposed at the 164 officially registered municipal landfills. Air quality is deteriorating and large lignite-powered thermal power plants of EPS are among the largest polluters in the country.
The overall objective of IPA sector support in 2012 is to improve environment protection and climate action through strengthening the administrative capacity and resource base to implement EU policies and legislation pertaining to nature protection, environmental monitoring and climate change, and investments in environmental infrastructure, specifically:
- To help Serbia align with the EU environmental and climate change acquis, to contribute to Europe 2020 targets in energy and climate change and to promote adaptation to climate change;
- To improve environmental standards in air quality and waste management and to improve environmental infrastructure.
More details on project
- Sweden has supported: Chemicals risk management, Implementation of the National Sustainable Development Strategy, SEPA capacities and environmental infrastructure support (EISP project financed by Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency - SIDA);
- Spain funded: the preparation of the Feasibility study for the construction of the Kolubara District Regional Landfill and Feasibility study for GHG emission reduction.
- UNDP has been active in strategies and studies for biodiversity, strengthening capacities of protected area managers, and assisted with the remediation and strengthening of capacities in Bor, and with the recovery of Grand Backa Canal project, by finalising communal and industrial wastewater collection for the municipalities of Vrbas and Kula.
- Soft loans have been provided by EBRD, German Government (KfW) and the World Bank. EBRD (€24.3 million loan) and the World Bank ($6.6 million loan) have supported regional development in Bor district, including an environmental clean-up.
- The German Government has been most active in the water sector, with €92 million of subsidised loan and grant finance (actual and committed) for water supply projects in 17 municipalities to date.
- In the energy subsector, Germany has supported the rehabilitation and modernisation of the district heating system for Nis, Kragujevac, Kraljevo, Sombor, Zrenjanin and Pirot, and capacity-building for monitoring and evaluation of energy efficiency policy.
- Switzerland has co-financed the modernisation of the monitoring and control system in a thermal power plant Nikola Tesla. Norway provided assistance with strategic energy planning.
- Germany financed drafting of the foundations of a new law on rational use of energy and improving municipal planning in energy efficiency.
- The World Bank financed a $49 million loan accompanied by $6 million from Serbia for energy efficiency in heat production and public buildings. Norway assisted in the introduction of a new energy efficiency policy and establishment of energy planning on a local level. Japan financed a study of energy management. Serbia also participates in cross-border cooperation, where environment and climate problems are among the top priorities.